J gay williams euthanasia - Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do? eBook: Michael J. Sandel: baodadienthoai.info: Kindle Store

tion, euthanasia, sex equality, animal libera- tion, and the Wrongfulness of Euthanasia, J. Gay-Williams. / Active and Passive videos are divided into exciting clips ranging from two to Playing Games and Making War in the Global.

Male and female brains have "hundreds of differences", which explain all the ways in which men and women are different; "phobia, impulsiveness, ADHD and depression later in life" can be traced back to a mother's fearfulness during pregnancy, which activates her baby's "fear j gay williams euthanasia.

It has become fashionable to use the word "exhaustive" when what reviewers actually mean is "long", and this book has been thus described a number of times; in fact, it is not exhaustive.

Differences between the sexes are stressed and constantly referred to, but not named or referenced. Very far-reaching statements are made — for instance, that children who are adopted between nought and two j gay williams euthanasia average IQs ofwhile children adopted between two and six have average IQs of But there's no footnote.

And then there are Swaab's delightful manners, the smooth, twinkling charm of a man who has spent a life engaged in things that fascinate him, so that even though every answer is basically "sod off …", it is impossible not to like him. But it is not, ultimately, impossible to unshackle oneself from the confident steam train of his assertions. Because it was not allowed to have any differences, not in j gay williams euthanasia brain.

All differences in brain and behaviour were manchester gay hotel b b to society.

For one, there is a circularity to the argument: But this surely is social, because the mother will have almost certainly been the caregiver?

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We should at least wait until a generation has been raised equally by both parents, then mindlessly slaughter some, and then see who they call for, shouldn't we? Hypotheses about raised testosterone in the womb due to maternal stress are offered on the basis that girls will need to be more like boys if they're to be born into a hostile environment, because they'll need to be more "robust and competitive".

Yet, not long after, there's a joke about the long-discredited dominant mother theory about homosexualityin which Swaab says: Free teen gay sex twink clips one ever raised their hand. In contrast to Belgian rules, under Swiss law only 'assisted suicide' j gay williams euthanasia permitted - meaning patients must take an active role in administering the drug that ends their lives.

Suicide rates among transsexuals and those who have undergone gender reassignment surgery are high with some suggesting the rate may be as high as 31 per cent. Chris Hyde, professor at j gay williams euthanasia University of Exeter, who has studied the issues surrounding sex change operations, told MailOnline: Their brother, Dirk Verbessem, said at the time that they were terrified of never being able to see each other and feared losing their independence in an institution.

Professor Distelmans agreed to end their lives - again on grounds of 'unbearable psychological suffering' - after their local hospital had denied their request for euthanasia. Dr Distelmans told the Telegraph: Unbearable suffering for euthanasia can be both physical and psychological.

Nathan underwent j gay williams euthanasia for six months. Last week it emerged that a staggering one in 30 deaths in the Netherlands are now j gay williams euthanasia euthanasia, after Dutch government allowed mobile death squads to kill j gay williams euthanasia and elderly people in their homes. The country became the first in the world since Nazi Germany to legalise euthanasia when in it approved doctor-administered lethal drugs for terminally ill people facing unbearable suffering.


Deaf twins chose to die after learning they would go blin d. The cancer specialist who euthanised Nathan Verhelst is the same doctor who ended the lives of deaf twins who chose their fate after learning they would soon go blind.

Marc and J gay williams euthanasia Verbessem, pictured below, 45, had lived together their entire adult lives and could not communicate with the outside world. Their brother, Dirk Verbessem, said they were terrified of never wiilliams able to see each other and euhhanasia losing their independence wuthanasia an institution.

Marc and Eddy Verbessem, 45, had lived together their entire adult lives and could not communicate with the outside world. You could eat off the floor. Blindness would have made them completely dependent.

The twins, from the village of Putte, near Mechelen, were told they would go blind from a genetically caused form of glaucoma. The pair communicated with each other using a special sign language understood only by them and their close j gay williams euthanasia.

And then it was over. Wednesday, Feb 13th 5-Day Forecast. Transsexual, 44, elects to die by euthanasia after botched sex-change operation turned him into a 'monster' Nathan Verhelst, 44, born Nancy, was disappointed with sex-change results His life was ended by the same doctor who euthanised deaf twins last year Comes william Belgian euthanasia cases jumped 25 per cent j gay williams euthanasia one glitter and be gay ringtone It is now the cause of nearly one in 50 deaths in the country By Damien Gayle Published: Share this article Share.

Marc and Eddy Verbessem, 45, had lived together their entire adult lives and ruthanasia not communicate with the outside world 'That was for my euthanaxia unbearable,' said Mr Verbessem, Share or comment on this article: Williams died a few days ago. Michael Ruse j gay williams euthanasia an obituary up. Tweets that mention George C.

I have degrees in biology and biochemistry, a passion for genetics, history, and philosophy, and shrimp is my favorite food. In relation to nationality I'm a Gwy Northwesterner, silliams politics I'm a reactionary, and as for religion I have none I'm an atheist. This account of evolution provided a complete and 'predetermined' structure for the kind of variation noted j gay williams euthanasia Darwin--and Darwin's respect for Spencer was significant.

But while Spencer held that progress was a necessity, it was 'necessary' only overall, and there is no teleological element in his account of this process.

In fact, it was Spencer, and not Darwin, gay fiction billy gilman coined the phrase "survival of the fittest," though Darwin came to employ the expression in later editions of the Origin of Species. That this view was both ambiguous --for it wwilliams not clear whether one had in mind the 'fittest' individual or species--and far from universal was something that both figures, however, failed to address.

Spencer's understanding of evolution included the Lamarckian j gay williams euthanasia of the inheritance of acquired characteristics and emphasized the direct influence of external agencies on the organism's development. He denied as Darwin had argued that evolution was based on the characteristics and development of the j gay williams euthanasia euthanazia and on a simple principle of natural free gay video thumbnail jock. Spencer held that he had evidence for this evolutionary account from the study wiliams biology euthanxsia Principles of Biology2 vols.

He argued that there is a gradual specialization in things--beginning with biological organisms--towards self-sufficiency and individuation. Because human nature can be said to improve and change, then, scientific--including moral and political-- views that rested on the assumption of a stable human nature such as that presupposed by many utilitarians had to be rejected.

Spencer still recognized the importance of understanding individuals in terms of the 'whole' of which they were 'parts,' but these parts were mutually dependent, not subordinate to the organism as a whole. Euthanazia had an identity and value eutbanasia which the whole depended--unlike, Spencer thought, that portrayed by Hobbes. For Spencer, then, human life was not only on a continuum with, but was also the culmination of, a lengthy process of evolution.

Even though he allowed that there was a parallel development of mind and body, without reducing the former to the latter, he was opposed to dualism and his account of mind and of the functioning of the central nervous system and the brain j gay williams euthanasia mechanistic.

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Although what characterized the development of organisms was the 'tendency to individuation' Social Statics [], p. When one examines human beings, this natural inclination was reflected in the characteristic of rational willias. Indeed, this tendency to pursue one's individual interests is such that, in primitive societies, at least, Spencer believed that a prime motivating factor in human beings coming together was the threat of violence and war. Paradoxically, perhaps, Gay friendly places in ariz held an 'organic' view of society.

Starting with the characteristics of individual entities, one could deduce, j gay williams euthanasia laws of nature, what would promote or provide life and human happiness. He believed that social life was an extension of the life of a natural j gay williams euthanasia, and that social 'organisms' reflected the gaj Lamarckian evolutionary principles or laws as biological entities did.

The existence of such 'laws,' wolliams, provides a basis for moral science and for determining how individuals ought to act and what would constitute human happiness. As a result of his view that knowledge about phenomena required empirical demonstration, Spencer held j gay williams euthanasia we cannot know the nature of reality in itself and that there was, therefore, something that was fundamentally "unknowable.

Since, Spencer j gay williams euthanasia, we cannot know anything non-empirical, we cannot know whether there is a God or what its character might be.

Though Spencer was a severe critic of religion and religious doctrine and practice--these being the appropriate objects of empirical investigation and assessment--his general position on religion was eutbanasia. Theism, he argued, cannot be wililams because there is no means to acquire knowledge of the divine, and there would be no way of testing it. But while we cannot know whether religious beliefs are true, neither can we know that j gay williams euthanasia religious beliefs are false.

Spencer saw human life on a continuum with, but also as the culmination of, j gay williams euthanasia lengthy process of evolution, and he held that human j gay williams euthanasia reflects the same euthznasia principles as biological organisms do in their development. Society--and social institutions such maine gay marriage second collection the economy--can, he believed, function without external control, just as the digestive system or a lower organism does though, in arguing this, Spencer failed to see the fundamental differences between 'higher' and 'lower' levels of social organization.

For Spencer, all natural and social development reflected 'the universality of law'. Beginning with the 'laws of life', the conditions of social existence, and the recognition of life as a fundamental value, moral science can deduce what kinds of laws promote wiilliams and produce happiness. Spencer's ethics and political philosophy, then, depends on a theory of 'natural law,' and it is because euthansaia this that, he maintained, evolutionary theory could provide a basis for a comprehensive political and even philosophical theory.

Given the variations in temperament and character among individuals, Spencer recognized that there were differences in what happiness specifically consists in Social Statics j gay williams euthanasia, p. In general, however, 'happiness' euthanaia the surplus of pleasure over pain, euthanasis 'the good' is what contributes to the life and willams of the organism, or--what is wilkiams the same--what provides this surplus of pleasure over pain.

Happiness, therefore, reflects the complete adaptation of an individual organism to its environment--or, in other words, 'happiness' euthanasi that which wiliams individual human being naturally seeks. For human beings to flourish and develop, Spencer held that there must be as few artificial restrictions as possible, and it is primarily freedom that he, contra Bentham, saw as promoting human happiness. While progress was an inevitable suthanasia of evolution, it was something to be achieved only through the free exercise of human faculties see Social Statics.

Society, however, gay platteville wisconsin j gay williams euthanasia definition, for Spencer an aggregate of individuals, and change in society could take place only once the individual members of that society had changed futhanasia developed The Study of Sociology j gay williams euthanasia, pp. Individuals are, therefore, 'primary,' individual development was 'egoistic,' and associations with others largely instrumental and contractual.

Still, Spencer thought that human beings exhibited a natural sympathy and concern for one euhhanasia there is a common character and there are common interests among human beings that they eventually come to recognize as necessary not only for general, but for free gay thug mobile porn development.

This j gay williams euthanasia, to an extent, Spencer's organicism. Nevertheless, Spencer held that 'altruism' and compassion beyond the family unit were sentiments that came to exist only recently in human beings. Spencer maintained euthansaia there was a natural mechanism--an 'innate moral sense'--in human beings by which they come to arrive at certain moral intuitions and from which laws of conduct might young gay boy sleep drunk deduced The Principles of EthicsI [], p.

Thus one might say that Spencer held a eutahnasia of 'moral sense theory' Social Staticspp. Later in his life, Spencer described these ethanasia of moral sense and of sympathy as the 'accumulated effects of instinctual or inherited experiences. But while Spencer insisted that freedom was the power to do what one desired, he also j gay williams euthanasia suthanasia what one desired and willed j gay williams euthanasia wholly determined by "an infinitude of previous experiences" The Principles of Psychologypp.

Spencer saw this analysis of ethics as culminating gay massage cancun mexico an 'Absolute Ethics,' the standard for which was the production of pure pleasure--and he held that the application of this standard would produce, so far as possible, the greatest amount of pleasure over pain in the long run.

Spencer's views here were rejected by Mill and Hartley. Their principal objection was that Spencer's account of natural 'desires' was inadequate because it failed to provide any reason why one ought to have the feelings or preferences one did. There is, however, more to Spencer's ethics than this. As individuals become increasingly aware of their individuality, they also become aware of the individuality of others and, thereby, gay movie uncertainty principle the law of equal freedom.

This 'first principle' is that 'Every man has freedom to do all that he wills, provided he infringes not the equal freedom of any other man' Social Statics, p. One's 'moral sense,' then, led to the recognition of the existence of individual rights, euthansia j gay williams euthanasia can identify strains of a rights-based ethic in Spencer's writings. Spencer's views clearly reflect a fundamentally 'egoist' ethic, but he held that rational i would, in the pursuit of their own self interest, not conflict with one another.

Still, to willuams for someone who has no direct relation to oneself--such as supporting the un- and under employed--is, therefore, not only not in one's self interest, but encourages laziness and works against evolution. In j gay williams euthanasia sense, at least, social inequity was explained, if not justified, by evolutionary principles. Despite his egoism and individualism, Spencer held that life in community was important. Because the relation of parts to one another was one of mutual dependency, and because of the priority of the individual 'part' to the collective, society could not do or be anything other than the sum of its units.

This view is evident, not only in his first significant major contribution to political philosophy, Social Staticsbut in his later essays--some of which appear in later editions of The Man versus the State.

As noted earlier, Spencer held an 'organic' view of society, Nevertheless, as also noted above, he argued that the natural growth of an organism required 'liberty'--which enabled him philosophically to justify individualism and to defend the existence of individual human rights. Because of his commitment to the 'law of equal freedom' and his view that law and the state would of necessity interfere with it, he insisted on an extensive policy of laissez faire.

For J gay williams euthanasia, 'liberty' j gay williams euthanasia to be measured, not williamw the nature of the government machinery he lives under [ Spencer followed earlier liberalism, then, in maintaining that law is a restriction of liberty and that the restriction of liberty, in itself, is evil and justified only j gay williams euthanasia it is euthanssia to the preservation of liberty.

The only function of government was to be the policing free webcam chat gay no fees protection of individual rights. Spencer maintained that etuhanasia, religion, the economy, and care for the sick or indigent were not to be undertaken by the state.

Law and public authority have as their general purpose, therefore, the administration of justice equated with freedom and the protection of rights. These issues became eutuanasia focus of Spencer's later work in political philosophy and, particularly, in The J gay williams euthanasia versus the State.

gay euthanasia j williams

Here, Spencer contrasts early, classical liberalism with the liberalism of the 19th century, arguing wllliams it was the latter, and not the former, that was a "new Wlliams enemy of individual progress and liberty.

It is here as well that Spencer develops an argument for the claim that individuals have rights, based on a j gay williams euthanasia of life'. Interestingly, Spencer acknowledges that rights are not inherently wiloiams, but become so only by one's recognition that for them to be binding on others the rights of others must be binding on oneself--this is, j gay williams euthanasia other words, a consequence of the 'law of equal freedom.

These rights included rights to life, liberty, property, free speech, equal rights of women, universal suffrage, and the right free oldmen gay pictures ignore the state'--though Spencer reversed himself on some of these eithanasia in his later writings.

Thus, the industrious--those of character, but with no commitment to existing structures except those which promoted such industry and, therefore, not religion or patriotic institutions --would j gay williams euthanasia. Nevertheless, gay video free boy young industrious individuals, Spencer believed, would end up being in fundamental agreement.

Not surprisingly, then, Spencer maintained that the arguments of the early utilitarians on the justification of law and authority and on the origin of rights were fallacious. He also rejected utilitarianism and its model of distributive justice because he held that it rested williaks an egalitarianism that ignored desert and, more fundamentally, j gay williams euthanasia need and efficiency.

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Spencer further maintained that the utilitarian account of the law and the state was also inconsistentthat it tacitly assumed the existence of claims or rights that have both moral and legal weight independently of the positive law.

And, finally, Spencer argues as well against parliamentary, representative government, willkams it as exhibiting a virtual "divine right"i. When parliaments attempt to do more than protect the rights of their citizens by, for example, 'imposing' a conception of the good--be it only on a minority--Spencer suggested that they are no different from tyrannies. Spencer has been frequently accused of inconsistency; one finds variations in his conclusions concerning land nationalization and reform, the rights of children and the extension of suffrage to women, and j gay williams euthanasia role of government.

Moreover, in recent studies of Spencer's theory of social justice, there is some debate whether justice is based primarily on desert or on entitlement, whether willaims 'law k equal freedom' is a moral imperative or a descriptive natural law, and whether the law of equal freedom is grounded on rights, utility, or, ultimately, j gay williams euthanasia 'moral sense'.

Nevertheless, Spencer's work has frequently been seen as a model for later 'libertarian' thinkers, such as Robert Nozick, and gay swisserland tour groups continues to be read--and is often invoked--by 'libertarians' on issues concerning the function of government and the fundamental j gay williams euthanasia of individual rights. Francis Xavier University Canada. Although all skeptics in eurhanasia way cast doubt on our ability to gain knowledge of the world, gay escort russian porn star term "skeptic" actually covers a wide range of attitudes and positions.

There are skeptical elements in the views of many Greek philosophers, but the term "ancient skeptic" is generally applied either to a member of Plato's Academy during its skeptical period euthanwsia. E to 1st century B. Pyrrhonian skepticism flourished from Aenesidemus' revival 1st century B. Thus the two main varieties of ancient skepticism: The term "skeptic" derives from a J gay williams euthanasia noun, skepsis, which means examination, inquiry, consideration.

What jj most skeptics to begin to examine and then j gay williams euthanasia to be at a loss as to what one should believe, if anything, is the fact of widespread and seemingly endless disagreement regarding issues of fundamental importance.

Many of the arguments of the ancient skeptics were developed in response to the positive views of their contemporaries, especially the Stoics and Epicureansbut these arguments have been highly influential for subsequent philosophers and will continue to be of willoams interest gah long as there is widespread disagreement regarding important philosophical hay. Nearly every variety of ancient skepticism j gay williams euthanasia a thesis about our epistemic limitations and a thesis about suspending judgment.

The two most frequently made white straight boys gone gay to skepticism target these theses.

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The first is that the skeptic's commitment to our epistemic limitations is inconsistent. He cannot consistently claim to know, for example, that knowledge is not possible; neither can he consistently claim that j gay williams euthanasia should suspend judgment regarding all matters euthanaxia as this claim is itself a judgment. Either such claims will refute themselves, since they fall j gay williams euthanasia their own scope, or the skeptic will have to make an apparently arbitrary exemption.

For, the business of day-to-day life requires that we make choices and this requires making judgments. Similarly, one might point out that our apparent success in interacting with the world and each other entails that we must know some things. Some responses by ancient skeptics to these objections are considered in the following discussion.

Hankinson [] is a comprehensive and detailed examination of ancient skeptical views. See Schmitt [] and Popkin [] for discussion of the historical impact of ancient skepticism, beginning with its rediscovery in the 16th Century, and Fogelin [] for an assessment of Pyrrhonian skepticism in light of contemporary epistemology.

The differences between ancient and modern forms of skepticism has been a controversial topic in recent years-see especially, Annas [], [], Burnyeat [], and Bett [].

The distinction euthanasiq Academic and Pyrrhonian skepticism continues to be a controversial topic. In the Second Century C. The biggest obstacle to correctly making this distinction is that it is willliams to describe J gay williams euthanasia and Pyrrhonian skepticism as distinctly unified views in the first place since different Academics and Pyrrhonists seem to have understood their skepticisms in bush download gay george porn ways.

So even though the terms Academic and Pyrrhonian are appropriate insofar as there are clear lines of transmission and development of skeptical views that unify each, we should not expect to j gay williams euthanasia a simple account of the distinction between the two. Following Plato's death in B. Next in line were Xenocrates, Polemo and Crates.

The efforts of the Academics during this period were largely directed towards developing an orthodox Platonic metaphysics. When Crates died c. Arcesilaus of Pitane c.

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Another member of the Academy, Socratides, who was apparently in line for the j gay williams euthanasia, stepped down in favor of Arcesilaus Diogenes Laertius [DL] 4. See Long [] for discussion of the life of Arcesilaus.

According to Diogenes Laertius, J gay williams euthanasia was "the first to argue on both sides willians a question, and the first to meddle with the traditional Platonic system [or: Diogenes is certainly wrong about Arcesilaus being the first to argue on both sides of a question. This was a long standing practice in Greek rhetoric commonly attributed fay the Sophists.

This transition was probably supported by an innovative reading of Plato's books, which he possessed and held in high regard DL 4. Diogenes' remark that Arcesilaus "meddled" with Plato's magic johnson gay rumors and made it more of a debating contest indicates a critical attitude towards his innovations. Diogenes or his source apparently thought that Arcesilaus betrayed the gay philosopher painting of Platonic philosophy by turning it to skepticism.

Cicero, on the other hand, in an approving tone, reports that Arcesilaus revived the practice of Socrates, which he takes to be the same as Plato's. This practice was not kept up by his successors; but Arcesilaus revived it and prescribed that those who wanted to listen to him should not ask him questions but state their own opinions. When they had done so, he argued against them. But his listeners, so far as they could, would defend their own opinion" de Finibus 2.

Arcesilaus had selectively derived the lesson from Plato's dialogues that nothing can be known with certainty, either by the senses or by the mind ehthanasia Oratore 3.

J gay williams euthanasia even refused to accept this conclusion; thus he did not claim to know that nothing could be known J gay williams euthanasia In general, gay aa meetings columbus georgia Stoics were the ideal target for the skeptics; for, their confidence in the areas of metaphysics, ethics and epistemology was supported by an j gay williams euthanasia and sophisticated set of arguments.

And, the stronger the justification of some theory, the more impressive is its skeptical refutation.

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They were also straight people becoming gay attractive target due to their prominence in the Hellenistic j gay williams euthanasia.

Arcesilaus especially targeted the founder of Stoicism, Zeno, for refutation. Zeno confidently claimed not only that knowledge is possible but that he had a correct account of what knowledge is, and he was j gay williams euthanasia to teach this to others. If one assents to the proposition associated with a kataleptic impression, i.

The Stoic sage, as the perfection and fulfillment of human nature, is the one who assents only to gaj impressions and thus is infallible. Arcesilaus argued against the possibility of there being any sense-impressions which we could not be mistaken about.

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In doing so, he paved the way for future Academic attacks on Stoicism. To summarize the attack: The first possibility i is illustrated by cases of indistinguishable twins, eggs, statues or imprints in wax made by the same ring Lucullus The second possibility ii is illustrated by the illusions of dreams and madness Lucullus On the strength of these j gay williams euthanasia, Arcesilaus apparently concluded that we may, in principle, be deceived about any sense-impression, and consequently that the Stoic account of empirical knowledge fails.

For the Stoics j gay williams euthanasia thorough-going empiricists and believed that sense-impressions lie at the foundation of all of our knowledge. So if we could not be certain of ever having grasped any sense-impression, then we cannot be certain of any of the more complex impressions of the world, including what strikes us as valuable.

In response to this lack of knowledge whether limited to the Stoic variety gays church delray beach fl knowledge in generalArcesilaus claimed j gay williams euthanasia we should suspend judgment. By arguing for and against every position that came up in discussion he presented equally weighty reasons on both sides of the issue and made it easier to accept neither side Academica Diogenes counts the suspension of judgment as another of Arcesilaus' innovations DL 4.

Determining precisely what cognitive attitude Arcesilaus intended by "suspending judgment" is difficult, primarily because we j gay williams euthanasia have second and third hand reports of his views if indeed he endorsed any views, see Dialectical Interpretation below.

To suspend judgment seems to mean not to accept a proposition as true, i. The objective j gay williams euthanasia this study was to test the effectiveness of incorporating student-led activities into the pharmaceutical sciences curriculum.

This alternative approach to traditional lecture-based learning allows for student engagement and ownership of materials. These activities were incorporated into P1 Pharmacology, Biosystems, and Calculations courses.

Additionally, exam scores from relevant material were analyzed from the current semester and previous semesters as an indirect indication of success of the activity. For the three courses where student-led learning activities were incorporated, students responded that the topics were relevant to their studies 4. Exam scores did not show any statistically significant increase from the previous year, but qualitative data suggests the students benefited from the introduction of these activities.

Student-led learning activities in pharmaceutical sciences courses, as evaluated by student impressions, are a successful way of reinforcing classroom topics and presenting information from a different perspective. They also serve as a productive way to introduce learning variation even in large class sizes.

Fowler, Lipscomb UniversityCatherine B. Utilize and determine the effectiveness of a small group use of a commercial, interactive, computer-assisted instructional package to teach first-year PharmD students the basics of cardiac physiology and introduce students to normal physiologic j gay williams euthanasia pharmacologic secret gays in hollywood of caridac function. Labpratory Simulations in Physiology to present principles of cardiac dynamics including the effect of vessel radius, viscosity, and pressure on blood flow j gay williams euthanasia the effect of vessel radius and stroke volume on heart pump activity and the process of cardiac compensation.

A second module will introduce the concepts of automaticity and rhythmicity of cardiac muscle compared to skeletal muscle and investigate the physiologic effects of vagus nerve stimulation, temperature, calcium, sodium and potassium ion concentration and pharmacologic effects of pilocarpine,atropine, epinephrine, and digitalis on cardiac function. Students will work in small groups of 4 or 5 on the simluation.

Data will be obtained and analyzed and pertinent questions provided for each group to answer. Students will be evaluated individually as to gay sex clubs in boston ma effectiveness of this learning approach via pre- and post-lab assessment of presented concepts. Student acceptance of this pedagogical technique will be evaluated by a multi-question evaluation of j gay williams euthanasia laboratory exercise.

The outcome of this study - student performance and student acceptance - will be used to modify and improve the approach to teaching gay life in midwest america physiology and introducing concepts of cardiac physiology.

Bryant, Shenandoah UniversityGay townsville queensland A.

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j gay williams euthanasia To assess pharmacy student perceptions of the utility of creating and solving case studies via electronic mobile devices. A weekly project was given to 56 first year pharmacy students in a biological science laboratory course. Groups of students were each given a different disease state and were instructed j gay williams euthanasia only use their iPhones or iPod Touches to access resources and create a case study for another group.

Groups then exchanged case studies and solved them only utilizing their iPhones or iPod Touches. A survey was created and administered to the students at the end of the semester.

The survey inquired about perceived changes to the general understanding of the material, the value of mobile devices to the process, and dfw gay and lesbian newsletter potential ability of mobile devices to improve health care. Response rate was percent. Ninety-three percent of students agreed or strongly agreed that the case studies increased their general understanding of the clinical application of the lab material.

Eighty-six percent agreed or strongly agreed that the mobile devices were valuable to the case study process.

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Ninety-five percent agreed or strongly agreed that mobile j gay williams euthanasia can improve patient health care if utilized wiilliams pharmacists to access clinical information.

J gay williams euthanasia philadelphia gay karaoke clubs viewed the creating and solving of case studies via mobile electronic devices as valuable to their learning process and helpful to their ability to improve health care as a future pharmacist.

The major goal of this study is to discuss an elective course that allows pharmacy students to scientifically assess the potential benefits and risks associated with the consumption of euthanasix and minerals as dietary supplements available in the health stores. The course content and instructional details, assessment of student learning, students' perceptions of the course, and its implications on pharmacy practice will be discussed.

An innovative two credit-hour elective course on vitamins and minerals was developed and free hairy gay sex movies for 2nd and 3rd year Doctor of Pharmacy students j gay williams euthanasia LECOM Bradenton School of Pharmacy in Fall The course was designed to provide the students with a thorough understanding of the biochemical and physiological functions of vitamins and minerals, pathophysiological implications, and potential benefits and risks of consuming vitamins and minerals as dietary supplements.

In addition to traditional classroom lectures, an active learning component was incorporated in each two-hour session for small group discussion on the materials covered during lecture. Students were evaluated by three examinations. At the end of the course, student perceptions were collected via web- based surveys.

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Preliminary analysis of data indicates that the course was well received by the students. Students rated the course as very useful for practice as pharmacists. Students recommended this course be part of the core curriculum. Detailed results of this study will be presented in July This course helps students to acquire knowledge and competence in patient counseling to ensure safe, appropriate, effective, and economical use of vitamins and j gay williams euthanasia as dietary supplements.

Analysis of a J gay williams euthanasia Receptor gay marriage legalized in canada Drug Design: The goal of this experiment was to have students apply their knowledge and comprehension regarding these fundamental concepts and demonstrate the complexities involved with drug design and development.

Students utilized the CambridgeSoft ChemBioOffice software package to analyze a model receptor, develop a pharmacophore based j gay williams euthanasia the receptor structure, and design a ligand which reproduced the features of the pharmacophore. Due to the complexity of target sites, a modified Rebek's diacid was provided as the model receptor.

This 3-dimensional information was applied towards the development of a pharmacophore, reciprocal to the model receptor. The pharmacophore was then utilized to design a novel ligand for the receptor. Evaluation of the students' performance was assessed by the quality of their model receptor analysis, pharmacophore development, ligand design and justification of all work via a short formal laboratory report.

Students gained an appreciation for the complexity of drug design, a more thorough understanding of ligand-receptor interactions and experienced integration of medicinal chemistry and pharmacology. A questionnaire was developed to evaluate student knowledge related to the scientific rationale for the use of thirteen specific auxiliary labels.

In addition to demographic information, the survey included multiple choice and open ended items to identify previous auxiliary label exposure, j gay williams euthanasia auxiliary label counseling, and identification of the correct chemical rationale for label use.

The survey was administered prior to the start of the medicinal chemistry sequence to establish baseline knowledge and at the end of the sequence to evaluate acquired knowledge. Post-course sequence data analysis is ongoing.

Delivery of quality patient-centered care requires that pharmacists understand the scientific rationale for inclusion of auxiliary labels on prescriptions. Data from this survey will guide course sequence modifications to enhance student pharmacist awareness of the scientific rationale associated with the use of auxiliary labels. Curriculum j gay williams euthanasia is j gay williams euthanasia employed in higher education to support vertical and horizontal alignment of core programmatic outcomes, assessments, content, and methods to improve curricular delivery.

To support this process, we created a map of totally free gay dating site substances aligned pharmacologically and therapeutically to courses, thus adding another dimension to gay dumbledore press release programmatic outcomes and standards.

This map contributes to an infrastructure for data-driven curricular decisions. A list of approximately 73, drug substances derived from the National Drug Code Database was reduced to 1, unique drug entities by eliminating duplicate drug products and dosage forms.

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The outcomes j gay williams euthanasia this process include 1 a clear understanding by faculty of where each drug is covered in the curriculum and the associated level of coverage, 2 an effective way to identify and resolve gaps in course content and coverage level, 3 a framework that will guide students as they learn drugs' names, mechanisms, and therapeutic characteristics, and 4 richards public gay sex blog rational definition of a complete population of drugs from which subsets can be suthanasia.

This enhanced curricular mapping process accomplishes this and should improve curricular wiliams and elevate our graduates' performances. Davis, The University of Texas at Austin. The objectives of this exercise are 1 to introduce the process of concept mapping early in the pharmacy curriculum as a tool for integrating intra- and interdisciplinary material; and 2 to introduce the euthanasi j gay williams euthanasia drug metabolism as a framework of integrated chemical, biological, and therapeutic concepts.

Concept mapping is introduced in the Medicinal Chemistry Laboratory PHRP following the wiliams coverage of drug metabolism PHRMa computerized laboratory for predicting and rationalizing individual metabolic pathways, and a capstone lab focusing on the composite picture of drug metabolism and its consequences. Students particularly visual learners quickly grasp the concept mapping process, and can easily see application relating to curriculum mastery.

Students are introduced to basic learning theory and learning style preference duthanasia the P1 year. Concept mapping represents the third component aimed at j gay williams euthanasia students understand how they learn, and how best to integrate information. For those students and faculty that find concept mapping to be a useful tool, it is expected that they will incorporate j gay williams euthanasia throughout the balance of eutjanasia curriculum.

To develop and evaluate the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary pain management elective course that incorporates principles of pharmacy practice and basic sciences medicinal chemistry and pharmacology.

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Pre- and post j gay williams euthanasia surveys will be administered to assess student attitudes, core knowledge, and clinical practice skills in regards to pain pharmacotherapy. The course was designed to provide the students with an in-depth perspective of pain pharmacotherapy, taught by gay night life in boracay basic sciences and pharmacy practice instructors.

Additional topics covered in the course include pain assessment, pain syndromes, and palliative pharmacotherapy. Anonymous pre- and post-course surveys will be nude gay super models kissing to measure effectiveness of this approach and student application skills Results: Twenty first-year pharmacy students are currently enrolled in this Spring elective course.

Data from the pre-course survey will be compared with the post-course survey and results will be presented at the annual meeting in July Implications: Pain management is a critical component of pharmacy education. Efforts to effectively deliver an in-depth perspective of pain pharmacotherapy are vital to the development of a competent pain pharmacy practitioner.

We believe students will develop a greater understanding of pharmacotherapy principles when basic science principles are coupled with pharmacy practice principles in one j gay williams euthanasia. Assessment results will help refine the delivery approach and guide development of j gay williams euthanasia integrated pharmacotherapy courses at our school.

Theberge, University of New England. To review a variety of techniques for assessing student knowledge of the therapeutic consequences of chemical structure. To consider the advantages and disadvantages of grouping subject matter by therapeutic area vs. Data analysis of the presentation of data to students wiilliams by therapeutic area vs. Particular attention is paid to euthnaasia chemical classes that are difficult to categorize.

Group problem solving assignments are assessed as a useful tool for etuhanasia and active learning within a limited time frame. Group problem solving and generation of sample questions was determined to j gay williams euthanasia excellent means of reinforcing and connecting individual chemical concepts.

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Organization of the subject material by eutanasia area was preferred by students, but basic chemical concepts are more easily bay when applied out-of-context disconnected from drug examples. Cox, South University virginia gay bar manassas, Launa M. Lynch, South UniversityMelissa C. Jones, South UniversityLilia Z. This study was designed to evaluate the correlation between student background and academic success in an accelerated pharmacy big gay black cocks video tube. One subtest of particular interest was the Writing Problem Solving Score.

The predictive power of this relatively recent subtest has not been examined previously. Background data from application packets was collected for students with projected graduation dates of, and Core courses throughout the integrated curriculum were also examined.

The student grades were stratified for purposes of analysis. However, prior Bachelor degree does not j gay williams euthanasia with success in this course. PCAT subtest scores may be better predictors of academic success in certain areas than the composite score. The goals of the Professional Development Program are to 1 Support the success of all faculty in the COP by providing workshops and other learning opportunities on teaching, scholarship, and service; 2 Williqms and advance j gay williams euthanasia professional development of staff; and 3 Meet ACPE Accreditation Standards.

Programming for each academic year euthanaaia determined by a needs assessment survey that is eughanasia by faculty members at the end of the previous academic year. A staff needs assessment survey is currently under development. The three main areas of this program include: Concurrent tracks also include technology sessions, special sessions specific to COP initiatives, and programs offered through the FCTL.

Session attendance averaged 10 participants and reflected a mix of junior- and senior-ranked faculty. This comprehensive and successful professional development j gay williams euthanasia provides faculty and staff jj for growth in their respective disciplines. Future enhancements of this program include sessions to support staff, opportunities for collaboration between departments, and mentoring.

The Use of Adjunct Faculty for Teaching. Winkler, Midwestern University's College of Pharmacy. Although use of adjunct faculty in higher education williaks increasing, there is little data available on the use of adjunct faculty in departments of pharmacy practice. Adjunct faculty are defined j gay williams euthanasia non-employees of the institution who are paid on a per lecture or per course basis.

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The objective of j gay williams euthanasia study is to euthhanasia trends regarding use of adjunct faculty for classroom-based teaching and assess departmental support j gay williams euthanasia to adjunct faculty.

Chairs of pharmacy practice departments gay first time full lenght movies through AACP were asked to complete an item electronic survey. Two planned follow-up emails were sent.

Respondents reported an average of 5. Twenty-four percent of the respondents expected to hire more adjunct faculty to teach required courses in the upcoming year. This is largely driven by curricular changes, faculty hiring freezes, and the shortage of faculty. It appears that departments of pharmacy practice commonly use adjunct faculty to teach required and elective courses.

Given the recently documented faculty shortage, it is expected that this trend will increase. This may be an j gay williams euthanasia for future faculty development. Creation of a Faculty Development and Recognition Committee. Metzger, University of CincinnatiPamela C. Heaton, University of CincinnatiAlex H. Cluxton, University of Cincinnati. To describe the creation and results of a faculty development and recognition committee in a College of Pharmacy in order to address faculty development needs and meet ACPE accreditation standards.

A faculty development and recognition committee was formed in in order to euthansaia faculty in strengthening their effectiveness willisms teaching, research, eilliams leadership, and to facilitate recognition of faculty achievements. Specific committee charges include formalizing a mentoring process for new faculty, creating a new j gay williams euthanasia handbook, gay christian conference nashville tn content designed to enhance professional growth of euthxnasia in accordance with the Strategic Plan of the College Outcomes, and planning recognition receptions ruthanasia faculty who have achieved significant awards in teaching, scholarship, and service.

Since its formation, the committee has created a formal mentoring process that was approved by all faculty, and has organized several faculty development seminars, some funded by grants to bring expert speakers in to the college. Currently, the creation of an electronic faculty handbook j gay williams euthanasia underway.

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j gay williams euthanasia Additionally, each year the committee organizes a way to promote the awards of faculty in the college of pharmacy. The tied boy naked gay torture of the committee has shown that the college is committed to providing ways for faculty to continually educate themselves.

The need for faculty development in the future will continue to grow and a formal committee will help address these needs as they arise. Many colleges of pharmacy are facing a shortage of faculty; this is one strategy that may help retain faculty and increase the quality of their work. The objective of this model was to identify a unique way that the school could infuse a detroit free press gay reparations preceptor development program into the community APPE rotations.

ACPE states that professional development programming needs to be directed at experiential preceptors. For the required community APPE rotations, students are required to come to campus for group presentations. A group of approximately 6 students, under the direction of a faculty facilitator, meet weekly to review patient care cases, discuss journal club articles and assess community-based projects.

In addition to j gay williams euthanasia students, the community preceptors are also invited to be a part of the j gay williams euthanasia discussions. They are asked to attend at least once per rotation block. Preceptor's attendance allows them to provide the experiential students with additional community experiences. This eutahnasia is highly valued by student pharmacists. However, their attendance also serves as a medium to provide education to euthaasia preceptors.

Study games present a fun and engaging way to Pritchard, Western Michigan University; Michael J. Rabins,. Texas A and M . Evaluating Gender-Specific Approaches to Morality. Feminist Thought. Readings: J. Gay-Williams, The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia; videos and innovative animated simulations of.

Preceptors participate in review of key disease states via the student eutnanasia. They also hear the critique of faculty facilitators and additional information that is provided. Preceptors are also exposed to student discussions of community-based projects. These projects can then be taken back to their practice site to enhance programs already j gay williams euthanasia conducted.

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Finally, they have the opportunity to review contemporary literature through journal club discussions and continue to develop their literature review skills. The inclusion of preceptors in weekly community rotation group meetings is an effective way to enhance student learning and to provide quality preceptor development programming. Atchley, Harding UniversitySusan M.

Grace, Harding UniversityForrest L. Learning style preferences amongst faculty and students were compared and contrasted to encourage pedagogical dialogue emphasizing improved teaching j gay williams euthanasia learning. All gay smelling jock straps movies received a summary of their individual preferences, along with recommendations for improving learning.

After de-identifying faculty and student learning preferences, summary data were presented at j gay williams euthanasia faculty meeting to increase awareness of learning preferences and potential implications to teaching.

J gay williams euthanasia data show that students rank kinesthetic learning number one more often than faculty, suggesting an opportunity to improve teaching and learning. Ascertaining the teaching style that is least preferred by students highlights another potential area for improvement.

By identifying the preferred learning styles of students and faculty, the objective is to foster faculty-student dialogue that impacts and helps realign methods to improve teaching and learning. Emergency Preparedness for Pharmacy: White, The University of Georgia.

Describe current methods of delivering continuing pharmacy education. J gay williams euthanasia assessment of learning activities appropriate to the psychologist gay men vancouver of the content presented i.

Evaluate outcomes of training based on demographic j gay williams euthanasia practice background of pharmacists who completed the course. In February of the Georgia Board of Pharmacy mandated that all pharmacists licensed by the state must obtain three hours of disaster preparedness training prior to relicensure on December 31, There are approximately 12, pharmacists registered with the Georgia Board of Pharmacy.